Food Scientist Career


Food is an essential part of our lives, providing nourishment and enjoyment. Food scientists play a crucial role in ensuring that the food we consume is safe, nutritious, and appealing. They are experts in the study of food and its components.

A career as a food scientist combines science, creativity, and a passion for improving people’s lives through the foods they eat. Food scientists get to explore new ingredients, flavours, and textures, while also addressing challenges related to food preservation, sustainability, and meeting the evolving dietary needs and preferences of consumers worldwide.

So, if you’re passionate about creating delicious and healthy snacks, improving the shelf-life of perishable foods, or ensuring food safety standards are met, a career as a Food Scientist is the right path for you.


Who is a Food Scientist?

Food Scientists are someone who studies and develops food products. They are responsible for developing methods to improve food safety and preservation. Research and testing are used to develop innovative methods for processing, protecting, and transporting food.

Food Scientists primarily work in a laboratory environment. They play a crucial role in the product development process. It could be about production or cultivation. They are also responsible for assessing and enhancing food products post-production.

Career Scope as Food Scientist

career as a food scientist

Food scientists play a crucial role in monitoring food production to ensure product safety and nutritional value. Moreover, careers in food science are in high demand due to environmental and climate changes requiring improvements in food production efficiency.

The food industry is expected to grow in the coming decade. So, there will be a vast demand for Food Scientists in the research field. Also, there is an increasing human population that raises concerns about diet, health, and food safety. Hence, research opportunities are expected to grow as awareness increases about the impact of certain types of food on the food cycle and the environment.


Role & Responsibilities of Food Scientist

The role of Food Scientists depends on the job position and the company they are working for. For example, some Food Scientists’ roles include inventing or creating new products, while others have to look after food safety and how to preserve meals for a longer duration. 

Some of the key responsibilities of Food Scientists include:

  • Discover food preservation methods such as baking, canning, drying, or pasteurising.
  • Taste new recipes and analyse their texture and nutritional value.
  • Food testing to ensure food quality and safety.
  • Explore different manufacturing techniques.
  • Identify efficient ways to produce food at a low cost.
  • Conduct research and experiments to improve field crops productivity.
  • Developing innovative packaging solutions
  • Make sure that safety and hygiene regulations set by the government are being followed.

Types of Food Scientists

The Food Industry offers a wide range of career paths for candidates to choose from based on their interests, passion, opportunities for learning, and career growth.

The following are the categories of Food Scientists:

  • Food Technologist
  • Food Microbiologist
  • Food Chemist
  • Nutritional Scientist
  • Quality Assurance Specialist
  • Bakery Scientist
  • Agricultural Inspector
  • Meat Inspectors
  • Meat Scientist, etc.

Employment Scope Career Options for Food Scientist

Food Scientists can work in various settings such as food companies, laboratories, restaurants, and government agencies. Their expertise is valuable in developing, improving, testing, and ensuring the safety and quality of foods we eat.

Food Scientists can work in various roles such as Food Inspectors, Food Engineer, Quality Control Officers, Food Product Managers, Food Hygiene Officers, etc. Alternatively, they also have wide opportunities in the government universities and regulatory bodies.

Some of the recruiting companies for Food Scientists are:

  • Food companies such as Britannia, Parle, Cadbury, Nestle, PepsiCo, MARICO, HUL, etc.
  • Government Regulatory bodies such as WHO, BIS, DFRL, ICMR, FFRC, etc.
  • Government universities under CSIR, CFTRI, ICAR, etc. as research scientists.

Salary Range

The salary range for food scientists can vary depending on factors such as educational qualifications, experience, industry, and geographic location.

In India, Food Scientists can earn a package of 5 to 6 per annum as a fresher. With experience and knowledge, they can get very high packages.

It’s important to note that salaries can be higher in certain industries, such as research and development, or areas with a higher cost of living. Additionally, food scientists with advanced degrees (e.g., Ph.D.) and specialised expertise may command higher salaries.

Food Scientist Courses at Various Levels

There are various courses available at undergraduate and postgraduate levels to become a Food Scientist. Besides, diploma and certification courses also available. Candidates can enrol for any course as per their requirements.

Below are the courses:

Bachelor’s degree programs

  • Food Technology
  • in Agriculture
  • in Biology
  • in Food Technology
  • in Agricultural Engineering, etc


Master’s degree programs

  • in Agriculture
  • in Biotechnology
  • in Food Science
  • in Diary Science
  • in Biotechnology
  • in Agriculture Engineering and Technology
  • in Dairy Technology, etc


Diploma Courses

  • Diploma in Food Science, Preservation, and Management
  • Diploma in Food Production
  • Diploma in Food Technology
  • Diploma in Food Analysis and Quality Assurance, etc


PG Diploma Courses

  • G. Diploma in Food Microbiology
  • G. Diploma in Food Technology and Nutraceuticals
  • G. Diploma in Dairy Technology, etc


Certification Courses

  • Introduction to Food Science
  • Farm Machinery
  • Food Microbiology
  • Sustainable Food Security
  • Food Chemistry
  • Food Preservation Technology, etc.

Steps to Become a Food Scientist

steps to become chartered accountant ( educrossroads )

Becoming a Food Scientist requires formal education and training. In India, it takes about 5 to 6 years to become a food scientist. This involves getting a bachelor’s and master’s degree in food science, gaining experience through internships, and earning certifications.

Some candidates may spend 2 extra years studying for a PhD and gaining practical experience through personal projects.

You can follow the below steps to become a Food Scientist.

  • Completing a Bachelor’s degree: A minimum of Bachelor’s degree in Food and Science is required to work as a Food Scientist. There are many institutions that offer this course. Students have the option to major in biology, chemistry, or another science-related field.
  • Gain Experience: Earning a bachelor’s degree in food science isn’t enough for you to work as a Food Scientist. Relevant experience is equally important. Experience can be gained through working in agriculture inspection or farm management. Also, participating in an internship during your bachelor’s program may enhance your applications for a master’s or Ph.D. program. program. 
  • Pursue Master’s degree: Many candidates prefer to pursue higher education for better job prospects. You can pursue a master’s degree or even a doctorate for enhancing your knowledge and expertise.
  • Certification: Food scientists can enhance their credentials by pursuing certification to distinguish themselves from other candidates. Certifications involve a combination of field work hours and exam completion. Most certifications need ongoing education to stay valid. Although not mandatory, obtaining certifications can enhance career advancement opportunities.
  • Apply for jobs: You can finally apply for the job once all the educational and training requirements are completed. 

Skills Required to Become a Food Scientist

key skill of financial risk management

Food Scientists mainly deal with every aspect of developing, manufacturing, quality, packaging, and analyzing food products. So, apart from formal training and education, they must possess certain workplace skills.

Extensive research, observation skills, good communication, interpersonal, and problem-solving skills, time management, knowledge about food safety, data analysis, and innovativeness are some key skills required by Food Scientists to become successful. 

Entrance Exam for Food Scientist

Many universities offer specific undergraduate and graduate degree programs in Food Science. The entrance exam requirements for these programs can vary depending on the institution and the level of the program (bachelor’s, master’s, or Ph.D.).

However, some common entrance exams for food science programs include JEE Main, JEE Advanced, BITSAT, GATE, JCECEB, BCECEB, JEEP, IPU CET, etc.

Top Colleges for Food Scientists

Many colleges in every state of India offer food science courses. Some of the top colleges are listed below:

  • Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University, Guntur – Andhra Pradesh
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Coimbatore
  • Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT), Mumbai
  • SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai
  • NIMS University, Jaipur – Rajasthan
  • University of Calcutta, Kolkata
  • National Institute of Food Technology, Thanjavur – Tamil Nadu
  • Parul University, Gujarat
  • Laxminarayan Institute of Technology, Nagpur
  • Punjab Agricultural University – [PAU], Ludhiana
  • MIT, Pune
  • Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishna Vidyapith, Parbhani


Fees for Food Scientist Course

The fees for a Food Scientist course depend upon the university and the course duration. Every university has its fee structure which can vary as per the location. 

The average fee for a Bachelor’s degree in a Food Scientist course in India is around 1 lac to 2 lacs per year. So, the total cost comes to around 4 to 8 lacs for a Bachelor’s degree. There is an additional fee of approximately 2 lacs per year if you want to further pursue a Master’s degree. 


Being a food scientist is a great job for people who enjoy working with food. As a Food Scientist, you get to develop new foods, make existing foods better, and ensure foods are safe and healthy to eat. It combines science with creativity. Food scientists play an important role in providing tasty, nutritious, and safe food choices for everyone. While challenging, it’s a fulfilling career where you can directly improve people’s lives through the foods they consume daily.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top