Career as a Nutritionist


“Health is the real wealth”. If you believe in this phrase, you are one of those who is constantly aware of your food intake. Food is essential for all people, and there is a growing demand for Nutritionists who are experts in the field of nutrition and its effects on health and well-being.

This guide provides information on the educational requirements, top colleges, roles and responsibilities, and licensing necessary to pursue a career as a Nutritionist. It also covers essential skills for Nutritionists, salary expectations, and job prospects.

So, let’s get started.

Who is a Nutritionist?

A Nutritionist is a professional who guides people on proper nutrition and diet for better health. Their expertise lies in understanding how the foods we eat impact our bodies and recommending the right dietary approaches.

Nutritionists evaluate a person’s health status and goals and then create a personalised diet plan. Their main goal is to help people maintain a healthy and active lifestyle. They guide clients on disease prevention and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.


Types of Nutritionist

types of a forensic expert

There are different types of Nutritionists depending on where they work and their specialisation. 

Some of the types are listed below.

Clinical Nutritionist

  • Works in hospitals, clinics, or private practice
  • Provides medical nutrition therapy for specific diseases or conditions
  • Develops specialised diet plans for patients


Community Nutritionist

  • Works for government, non-profits, or public health programs
  • Educates communities on healthy eating habits
  • Creates nutrition education campaigns


Sports Nutritionist

  • Works with athletes and other active individuals
  • Develops meal plans to optimise performance and recovery
  • Provides nutrition guidance for training


Food Service Nutritionist

  • Works in cafeterias, schools, nursing homes
  • Plans menus and oversees food service operations
  • Ensures meals meet nutritional guidelines


Private Practice Nutritionist

  • Provides one-on-one nutrition counselling
  • Develop personalised diet and meal plans
  • Helps clients achieve health and fitness goals


Research Nutritionist

  • Conducts studies and clinical trials
  • Advances knowledge in nutrition science
  • May work in academic or corporate settings


Career Scope as Nutritionist

Nutritionists have a wide scope in India and globally as more and more people are now becoming health conscious. Also, the healthcare industry is growing at an alarming rate, thereby enabling numerous career opportunities in this field. 

Nutritionists can work in various roles such as Clinical Nutritionists in hospitals, clinics, or private practice, Sports Nutritionists for athletes, Public health educators for government or non-profit agencies, Corporate wellness coordinators for employee health programs, Community Nutritionists developing public health programs, etc.


Role & Responsibilities of Nutritionist

The daily responsibilities of a Nutritionist can vary depending on the organisation they are working for. Primarily, Nutritionists advise patients about their diet and the impact of specific foods on their health.

Some key responsibilities of a Nutritionist include:

  • Evaluating patient health status, including measurements such as body mass index, blood pressure, and weight.
  • Creating customised diet plans for patients depending upon the calorie intake required. 
  • Modifying patient objectives and revising their dietary habits.
  • Staying updated with the latest nutritional research and other developments in the field.
  • Promote better food habits to prevent certain diseases.

Employment Scope Career Options for Nutritionist

A Nutritionist can work in various settings such as hospitals, research facilities, educational institutions, private clinics, public health care departments, sports associations, the food and nutrition industry, and so on.

There is a growing demand for Nutritionists due to the importance of nutrition in disease prevention and overall well-being. Many organisations hire personalised Nutritionists to take care of their employees.

Some of the top companies that recruit Nutritionist are:

  • fit
  • VLCC Healthcare
  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
  • Taj Groups
  • Max Healthcare
  • Batra’s
  • Le Meridien
  • Unilever, etc.

Salary Range

Salary range of Energy auditor

The salary of a Nutritionist varies as per the experience, sector, company you are working with, job location, and job profile. 

The average starting salary of a Nutritionist in India is between 3 to 6 lacs per annum. However, there is no limit to earning a handsome package, especially with your skills and expertise. Also, Nutritionists who work privately with sports athletes or film personalities can earn high salaries. 

Difference between a Nutritionist and a Dietician

Nutritionists and Dieticians both provide nutritional guidance and plan diet meals. So, they may seem similar. But, there are certain differences between the two.

One significant difference is related to regulations. This pertains to licensing, registration, and certification. Registration may not be required for a Nutritionist to provide nutrition services. On the other hand, the majority of Dieticians are registered.

Dieticians advise clients to consume healthier foods. They provide nutritional supplements to help patients recover faster. On the contrary, Nutritionists assist clients by monitoring their progress and motivating them to follow their meal plans. They evaluate their clients’ lifestyles and help them establish healthier habits.

Lastly, there is a qualification difference. A Dietician has a higher level of practice than a Nutritionist.


Famous Personalities to Follow

Many people face health challenges today, and one aspect we can control is our diet. Nutritionists can provide advice on the diet we can follow to stay healthy.

There are many famous Nutritionists in India. Not all can be listed. So, a few of the top Nutritionists are listed below whom you can follow if you choose this field as a career.

  • Rujuta Diwekar
  • Akhila Joshi
  • Ryan Fernando
  • Madhuri Ruia
  • Pooja Makhija
  • Ishi Khosla
  • Shubi Husain
  • Anjali Mukherjee, etc

How Long Does It Take to Become a Nutritionist?

The time required to become a Nutritionist depends upon whether you are pursuing a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree, a diploma, or a short-term certified course.

It takes around 3 to 4 years to earn a Bachelor’s degree in nutrition. However, if you desire to pursue a Master’s degree, an additional 1 to 2 years is needed.

So, the duration can range from 4 to 6 years, depending on the specialisation and type of course undertaken. Further, an additional 2 months will be required if you pursue certifications like a Certified Nutrition Specialist (CNS), a Registered Dietician (RD), or a Certified Clinical Nutritionist (CNN).

Eligibility Criteria

Certain eligibility criteria need to be fulfilled before enrolling in a Nutritionist course. 

  • Clearing 10+2 is the minimum requirement. Candidates need to pass 10+2 from the Science stream and from a recognised board.
  • Candidates should have achieved a minimum of 50% marks (45% for SC/ST category).
  • Candidates seeking admission to top colleges may need to pass entrance exams such as AIIMS, NEET, or university-specific exams.
  • For a Master’s degree, Candidates must have completed a Bachelor’s degree in a relevant stream and from a recognised board. Also, a minimum of 55% marks in the degree examination is required, or as specified by the institute in which applicants will seek admission. 


Steps to Become a Nutritionist

Steps to become Nutritionist

Applicants aspiring to become a Nutritionist need to fulfil certain educational requirements. You need to follow the below steps:

  • Complete a Bachelor’s degree: Completing a bachelor’s degree in food science, food and nutrition, or home science and nutrition is important. You can enrol for a graduate degree after completing 10+2 from a recognised board. 
  • Internship: Internship is essential for gaining relevant experience. It enables aspirants to have the opportunity to seek mentorship and select a field for further studies. The internship can be for 6 to 12 months. Internships can also be a part of certification programs in some institutes. An internship of 6 months is required during your undergraduate program or immediately after graduation.
  • Gain Certification: Many companies prefer to hire certified Nutritionists. So, gaining certification can increase employment opportunities and also help in enhancing skills.
  • Opt for a Postgraduate degree: Candidates can also pursue a Master’s degree to further enhance their skills and better growth prospects. Here, you have the option to specialise in specific areas of nutrition, based on your choice and expertise.


Skills Required to Become a Nutritionist

A Nutritionist helps patients and works with lab technicians and sometimes even management. So, they need various skills to do their job effectively.

Key skills for a nutritionist include good communication and interpersonal skills, knowledge about nutrients, food composition, dietary guidelines, metabolism, and how nutrition impacts health and disease, problem-solving skills, analytical skills, patience, persuasion skills, critical thinking, and professional ethics.

Entrance Exam for Nutritionist

Admission into the BSc Nutrition and Dietetics course is based on merit, taking into account the candidate’s high school marks, with no specific entrance exam required. However, some universities administer entrance exams to screen applicants.

Entrance exams for the Nutritionist course include NPAT, JEE, CUET, BITSAT, CPGET, ICAR AIEEA, etc.

Course Curriculum

Physical fitness has now become an integral part of one’s life. People often seek professional guidance to maintain their health. 

The Nutritionist course curriculum includes subjects covering topics such as:

  • Food Science
  • Human Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Principles of Nutrition
  • Food Preservation
  • Community Nutrition
  • Food Service Management


  • Food Microbiology


  • Food Preservation Strategies, etc.


Top Institutions for Nutritionists

There are numerous institutions available in India and abroad that provide Nutritionist courses. Candidates can select the institution depending on their location preference and fee structure.

Below listed are the top institutions in India and globally.

Top Universities Worldwide

  • University of California, Berkeley
  • University of Wisconsin
  • University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign
  • George Washington University
  • Tufts University
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • University of Michigan, etc


Top Universities in India

  • Institute of Home Economics, University of Delhi
  • Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi
  • SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai
  • Institute of Hotel Management, Catering and Nutrition, Lucknow, Mumbai, Bangalore
  • Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
  • Guru Nanak Dev University, Jalandhar
  • University of Calcutta, Kolkata
  • University of Madras, Chennai, etc


Top Universities in Mumbai

  • SNDT Women’s University
  • A. Podar College of Commerce and Economics
  • Nirmala Niketan College of Home Science
  • SVT College of Home Science and Nutrition
  • Ramnarain Ruia College
  • Jai Hind College
  • Mithibai College, etc



certification of complition from educrossroads

Candidates can pursue various certifications in the Nutritionist course. Certifications can help you to gain an added advantage in the corporate world. 

Moreover, a certification is required for licensed Nutritionist positions. Some states do not mandate a license to practice as a Nutritionist, however, many employers may need one.

Some of the certifications are mentioned below:

  • Certified Nutrition Specialist (CNS)
  • Registered Dietician (RD)
  • Certified Clinical Nutritionist (CCN)
  • Certified Dietician / Nutritionist (CDN)
  • Certified Nutrition Consultant (CNC)
  • Certified Nutritional Health Practitioner (CNHP)
  • Nutrition and Wellness Consultant (NWC)
  • Holistic Nutritionist (HN)
  • Sports Nutritionist (SN)
  • Certified Nutritional Therapist (CNT)
  • Registered Dietician Nutritionist (RDN)


Fees for Nutritionist Course

The fees of a Nutritionist course largely depend upon the institution selected and the course duration. There are also exam fees that can vary as per the institution and location.

The average course fee in India for a full-time Nutritionist course ranges between 2.5 to 3.5 lacs. It includes the exam fees, study material, and the course fees.



Being a nutritionist is a great career choice if you are passionate about nutrition and helping others to improve their health. There is a growing need for Nutritionists because more people want to prevent diseases by having a nutritious diet. With proper education and training, you can specialise in areas you are interested in, such as weight management, disease control, or sports nutrition.


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